Open Access Repository <p><strong>Open Access Repository</strong> is an Open Access directory of scientific journals based on open journal system (OJS). This repository indexes the volumes and issues of the open access journals those are based on OJS. This repository verifies the journals before inclusion for indexing. </p> en-US Wed, 03 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 ANALYSIS OF GFRP STRENGTHENED STEEL SILO WITH FINITE ELEMENT METHOD <p>Due to their unique deformed shape, thin cylindrical metal shell structures such as silos and tanks are subject to elastic–plastic instability failure at their walls caused by high internal pressure and axial compression in the shell structure cause this type of buckling to occur. This is a common situation in a silo where the silo wall is subjected to both the normal pressure of the stored granules and vertical compressive forces caused by friction between the stored granules and the silo wall. This paper presents a novel method of strengthening cylindrical shells by applying a thin layer of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite, used at the silo body, can effectively eliminate the problem and increase the buckling strength. The strengthened shell is analysed using finite element method (FEM) in this preliminary study. Furthermore, the resistance of FRP materials to corrosion means that they can be used to replace steel and reinforced concrete in situations when they would be exposed to corrosion. FRP therefore has wide application prospects in civil engineering ranging from reinforcing rods and tendons, wraps for seismic retrofit of columns and externally bonded reinforcement for strengthening of walls, beams, and slabs, to all composite bridge decks, and even hybrid and all-composite structural systems.</p> Mustafa Omar Warayth Copyright (c) 2024 Wed, 03 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF A DNA MOLECULE <p>The article addresses the issues of teaching genetics and strengthening students' cognitive ability and providing theoretical information.</p> Ahmedjanova Moxiyat Sadriyevna Copyright (c) 2024 Thu, 04 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 EFFECTIVENESS OF MEANS OF ARTPEDAGOGY IN THE MILITARY-PATRIOTIC EDUCATION OF STUDENTS–YOUTH <p>In this article, thoughts are expressed on the theory and practice of patriotic education in young people, their comprehensive training through the means of ART pedagogy ( the role of artistic literature, music, theater and cinema in youth education) to fulfill their duties in protecting the Republic of Uzbekistan-important tasks of pedagogical communities of the educational institution.</p> Madaliev Rahmiddin Ismoilovich Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 08 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 URATE NEPHROPATHY’S CAUSES AND CLINIC LABORATORY MANIFESTATIONS IN CHILDHOOD PERIOD <p>Urate nephropathy in children is based on increased production of uric acid and, as a result, an increase in its concentration in the released blood and urine. According to various authors, this violation is recorded in 3-17% of the examined people. Environmental factors, urbanization, nutritional patterns can lead to the spread of such disturbances in the purine exchange. Urate nephropathy often proceeds covertly and it is detected by chance. This pathology is diagnosed in the stage of nephrosclerosis with slowly progressing nitrogemia and pronounced arterial hypertension and in climatically unfavourable seasons of the year when adapted. Such variants of dysmetabolic nephropathies are known econephropathy [1].</p> Karimova B. N. Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 15 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 NEUROGYMNASTICS AND ITS PLACE IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS <p>This scientific article presents ideas about neurogymnastics and its place in the educational process, its effectiveness in the educational process.</p> Abdurafikova Dildora Abduvokhidovna Copyright (c) 2024 Tue, 16 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 PEDAGOGICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THINKING SKILLS IN CHILDREN AGED 5-6 YEARS <p>This scientific article explores the pedagogical psychological characteristics associated with the development of thinking skills in children aged 5-6 years. The early childhood period is a crucial stage for cognitive development, and fostering thinking skills during this phase lays the foundation for future academic success. This article examines the cognitive processes, such as problem-solving, critical thinking, and creativity, that emerge during this developmental period. It explores the role of educators in promoting cognitive growth through appropriate instructional strategies and learning environments. Additionally, the article discusses the influence of socio-cultural factors and individual differences on the development of thinking skills in young children. Understanding these pedagogical psychological characteristics can inform effective teaching practices and interventions to enhance thinking abilities in children aged 5-6 years.</p> Kholmatova Gulyora Obidovna Copyright (c) 2024 Wed, 17 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 EDUCATIONAL PARADIGMS IN AESTHETIC EDUCATION CLUSTER <p>This article talks about the history of the emergence of the science of aesthetics and aesthetic education, aesthetic education and its cluster, as well as the opinions of philosophers and scientists and educational paradigms.</p> Xusanov B. E. Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 20 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 ADVANTAGES OF USING THE DISTANCE LEARNING SYSTEM IN TEACHING INFORMATICS <p>Modern educational technologies today are based on the use of computer technology. Especially with a significant increase in the need for distance education during quarantine restrictions in recent years, the role of computer technology in the educational process has increased even more. This indirectly influenced the learning process of Informatics and led to the enrichment of the resources of this discipline. This article will talk about the convenience and effectiveness of using the distance learning system in teaching Informatics.</p> Mahkamov Ilhomjon Turdaliyevich Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 20 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 USE OF RECRATIC RESOURCES IN BESHARIQ COUNTY <p>The article provides information on the recreational resources and their use of the Beshariq district and focuses on the restrooms and their importance in the Beshariq district.</p> Uchqunjon Valijonov Umidjon o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 20 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 REPLICATION AND SEGREGATION OF THE DNA MOLECULE <p>The article is focused on the issues of providing theoretical information in the teaching of genetics and strengthening students' cognitive activity .</p> Axmadjanova Moxiyat Sadriyevna Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 20 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 TECHNOLOGIES OF TEACHING PHTHISIOLOGY AT THE URGENCH BRANCH OF THE TASHKENT MEDICAL ACADEMY AS A MEANS IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION <p>Education of the younger generation is the main task of the Republic of Uzbekistan.The analysis of innovative educational technologies plays a crucial role in teaching medical academy students.Which are used in the modern educational process.The article presents the basic methodological principles of teaching phthisiology, tuberculosis problems, which can ensure the effectiveness of the use of innovative educational technologies. Also improve the quality of education.</p> Askarova Rosa Ismailovna Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 22 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 PECULIARITIES OF SMALL BUSINESS AND PRIVATE ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT <p>This scientific article presents the need for a new approach to the formation of social relations, specific features of the development of small business and private entrepreneurship in our country. The purpose of writing this article: organization of entrepreneurial activity and legal and regulatory documents guaranteeing it, non-governmental organizations helping entrepreneurs, development of enterprises and showing their main features.<br>The result: the formation of a new generation of entrepreneurs, owners, who think and act in a new way in society, strengthening the economy of the Republic of Uzbekistan, revealing the main features of small business and private entrepreneurship.</p> Dzhorayeva Lola Abdugabbarovna, Meganova Hafiza Shotir kizi Copyright (c) 2024 Tue, 23 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF SMALL BUSINESS AND PRIVATE ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN ENSURING THE EMPLOYMENT OF THE POPULATION AND INCREASING THEIR INCOME <p>This scientific article emphasizes the role of small business and private entrepreneurship in providing employment and increasing income of the population, the service of representatives of this sector in the development of the country.</p> Dzhorayeva Lola Abdugabbarovna, Akhmedov Orif Abdurashidovich Copyright (c) 2024 Wed, 24 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 FACTORS OF CONFLICT IN YOUNG FAMILIES <p>In society, the family is recognized as a social institution. Preparing young people to start a family and turning young families into the support of our future can be considered a phenomenon of the continuous development of our country and society. The study of conflicts that arise in young families and preventing them from leading to divorce as a result of these negative consequences is the most pressing problem of our time.</p> Khakimova Nargiza Djavlievna Copyright (c) 2024 Thu, 25 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING (CLT) APPROACHES FOR TEACHING ENGLISH <p>Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) has gained popularity as an effective approach to teaching English as a second or foreign language. This paper explores the key principles and methods of CLT and examines its effectiveness in enhancing students’ communicative competence and language fluency. The paper also discusses the challenges and potential limitations of using CLT in the English language classroom.</p> Dilrabo Safarova Kholmurodovna Copyright (c) 2024 Thu, 25 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 IMPROVEMENT OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL AND LEGAL BASIS OF MICROFINANCING OF SMALL BUSINESS AND PRIVATE ENTREPRENEURSHIP <p>This scientific article provides opinions on the expansion of opportunities for small businesses and private entrepreneurs to use microfinancing, including loans, raw materials, as well as public procurement.</p> Dzhorayeva Lola Abdugabbarovna, Iskanderov Eshgurban Samandarovich Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 27 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 DIRECTIONS FOR ENSURING THE POSSIBILITY OF PAYMENT OF COMMERCIAL BANKS <p>This article explores the crucial aspects of ensuring the possibility of payment in commercial banks. With the evolving landscape of financial transactions, it is imperative for banks to adapt and enhance their payment systems. This comprehensive guide discusses the key elements, methodologies, and strategies that commercial banks can employ to guarantee seamless and secure payment operations</p> Shoimov Anvar Abdurakhman son Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 28 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 PECULIARITIES OF INCREASING THE INCOME OF THE POPULATION IN THE REGION <p>This scientific article describes the specific features of increasing the income of the population in the region, the tasks to be performed, and the objects of development of this area. The purpose of writing this article: To liberalize the economy in our country, to transfer the main part of the tasks of the republic's central management bodies to local authorities and self-government bodies, and to carry out many works on increasing their powers.<br>Result: development of strategies for promotion and development of this sector in our country.</p> Dzhorayeva Lola Abdugabbarovna, Eshankulov Sanjar Tokhtayevich Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 28 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE APPEARANCE OF VISUAL EXPRESSIONS’ TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH IN THE WORK “THE DAYS GONE BY” BY ABDULLA QODIRIY <p>This work is devoted to the issue of artistic translation on the words noting visual imagery. It will be analyzed Abdulla Qodiriy’s “O‘tkan kunlar “ with English “ Bygone days ” translated by Mark Reese. The research touches on various methods of adequate translation of copyright intentions of a work of artistic words in the host language and reconstruction stylistic effect of the original through figurative means in the process translation. The object of our research is linguistic figurative meaning that the translator uses to create the imagery. The subject of the study focuses on the stylistic features of translation of figurative language in Abdulla Qodiriy’s “O‘tkan kunlar”. The relevance of the topic is thus determined by the need for comprehensive studying stylistic techniques when translating from one language into another. Scientific novelty of the article is due to the need to study various means of expressiveness, which in each specific case, in addition to the aesthetic function help the author fully reveals the meaning of the work. As a result, here found that the transfer of stylistic means of expression pose certain difficulties for the translator in connection with their polysemy. Various means of expression give emotional-expressive assessment, characterize objects and phenomena, decodes author's intentions.</p> Teshaboyeva Ziyodakhon Qodirovna, Qodiriy Mahzuna Shavkataliyevna Copyright (c) 2024 Wed, 31 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 EFFICACY OF PATIENT-CONTROLLED EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA IN OPERATIVE GYNECOLOGY <p>In the early postoperative period, one of the main causes of inadequate anesthesia is the routine use of opioid analgesics "for pain" or in the form of "planned" injections in standard doses, which, according to our data, are insufficient in 36-59% of patients (Lebedeva R.N., Nikoda V.V., 1998). The purpose of anesthesia is not only to eliminate suffering and create psychological comfort, but also to improve the quality of life of women operated on for gynecological operations, accelerate postoperative functional rehabilitation, and reduce the incidence of complications [4].</p> Valiev Sh. M., Gaziev Z. T. Copyright (c) 2024 Wed, 31 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000